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Let’s take a look at the reasons why climate change is real. We’ll discover what is the real cause of climate change, and ways we can stop climate change by simply changing few habits.

What is the real cause of climate change? The global warming we are seeing today is caused at least in large part by us humans, and rising temperatures are only part of the problem. But how exactly are we causing it and what does it entail? What are we doing and what are we not doing to avert the point of no return and try to adapt to the new scenario? Are there any ways we can stop climate change? Read on, and I will tell you the main the reasons why climate change is real.

What is global warming? 

Climate change or climate warming is a phenomenon of climatic change of the planet and more precisely it indicates the rise of the Earth’s temperature occurred starting from the nineteenth century and still ongoing. Climate change is a gradual rise in atmospheric temperature linked to the increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the air. It is now certain that we humans have largely contributed to causing it by burning huge amounts of fossil fuels to produce energy.

Global warming is for real and is often used as a synonym for climate change. In reality, rising temperatures are only one aspect of the ongoing climate crisis. Periods of warming and cooling are part of our planet’s nature, but what we’re seeing today is unprecedented: it’s human-caused climate change.

It all started in the second half of the eighteenth century with the industrial revolution. Since 1850 we have precise measurements and since then the average temperature of the Earth has been increasing, with an average increase of 0.07 ° C per decade and about one degree Celsius in the last century. We’ve noticed this most recently because of the 5 warmest years – since 1850 – all have come after 2015.

Global warming results in higher average temperatures and higher maximum temperatures. But locally and temporarily, minimum temperatures, winter and otherwise, may also fall. We are also likely to see increasingly intense summer heatwaves and phenomena in which extreme temperatures and humidity combine. The causes of rising temperatures are also to be found in the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Harmful emissions caused by the industrialization of many areas of the Earth.

reasons why climate change is real, global warming

Greenhouse gases are formed by carbon dioxide or Co2, methane and water vapor, the first cause of the formation of large amounts of Co2 is due to the exploitation of fossil fuels and deforestation. The global warming exerts its influence determining the melting of the glaciers, the extension of the subtropical deserts and the increase of the levels of the sea.

The average world temperature today is 0.85 °C higher than it was at the end of 1800. The last 30 years have been the warmest ever recorded. Without serious action, temperatures are projected to increase by 3-5 °C by the end of the century, and new modelling adopted by the IPCC shows that we may have even underestimated the increase in temperatures. 

Climate experts have therefore argued that the growth of another 2 degrees compared to the temperature of the pre-industrial era is to be considered the limit beyond which environmental changes may become dangerous and potentially catastrophic. Violent atmospheric phenomena will modify forever the Planet and will be the consequence of climate change now in progress.

The Mediterranean area is warming twice as fast as the planet’s average. The winter of 2020 was the hottest of the last thirty years and one of the hottest ever, with 34% less precipitation than the average for the period.

Besides, extreme weather events are increasing (typhoons, hurricanes increasingly powerful, extreme phenomena of heat and humidity) due to the increased energy accumulated in the atmosphere.

Climate change is not a problem for the Earth or for nature, which will reorganize: it is a problem for us human beings, who have a limited ability to adapt. On climate stability, our own civilization was born and developed.

What is the real cause of climate change: causes of global warming.

So what is global warming really? The main cause of global warming is the current concentration of carbon dioxide in the air, in turn, caused by the release of fossil CO2. In fact, since the eighteenth century, we have been extracting from the ground and burning increasing amounts of coal, oil, and gas. The carbon that has been trapped for millions of years, during combustion, binds with oxygen, transforming itself into carbon dioxide.

Thus the concentration of this gas in the atmosphere has increased from 280 ppm in the pre-industrial era to 417 ppm today, with disastrous effects because it is a greenhouse gas.

Global warming causes extreme weather phenomena such as floods, droughts, desertification, melting ice and rising oceans, triggering heat waves and cold waves. Let’s know what global warming is, what are its primary causes and how we can act to limit the damage.

Greenhouse effect and greenhouse gas. What does the greenhouse effect mean?

Imagine a fully glazed room: the envelope lets the sun’s heat – which is ultraviolet radiation – pass through, but retains the heat emanating from the objects in the room – which is infrared radiation. The result is that as long as the sun’s rays hit the glazing, the temperature of the room tends to rise.

The greenhouse gases in the atmosphere behave like the glass in the room and thanks to them the Earth is habitable: otherwise, the average temperature would be -18°C. Now, however, it’s starting to get a little too hot.

What is the greenhouse effect? 

The term greenhouse effect was introduced in 1827: it is a natural phenomenon that allows the temperature of the earth to rise to a higher level than it would have for radioactive equilibrium.

Greenhouse effect

With the beginning of the industrial revolution, the balance has been gradually modified due to the increase of gases present in the atmosphere which have created a sort of greenhouse which, as such, retains heat.

In the last 200 years, the concentration of carbon dioxide has increased by 36% compared to the pre-industrial era and methane gas has increased by 148%, with negative consequences for the environment and the health of the air.

 

The greenhouse gases that most influence anthropogenic global warming are:

Water vapour

It makes up 50% of the greenhouse gases, and it affects global warming between 37% and 70%

Carbon dioxide

Emitted in the combustion of coal, gas, oil and derivatives; released from trees and soil through deforestation and industrial agriculture. Responsible for 63% of global warming.

Methane

It is much more dangerous than CO2, in fact, although it is less present in the air it is responsible for 19% of global warming. Cattle and sheep digesting it produce large quantities.

Nitrogen oxide

Emitted in the combustion of coal, gas, oil and derivatives, it also exists in nature. It is responsible for 6% of global warming.

Fluorinated gases

They do not exist in nature, we create them directly or indirectly, including through nitrogen fertilizers. They are very harmful but are partly being decommissioned. 

 

Refinery smokestacks emit a huge amount of greenhouse gases responsible for global warming

In short, we can also say that the main causes of global warming are the use of fossil fuels, the growth of red meat consumption, industrial and conventional agriculture, and deforestation. All exacerbated by population growth. But this is also the situation because we have attacked the planet in a variety of ways, reducing its resilience. 

By cutting down trees and practising unsustainable agriculture we deprive the soil of its ability to mitigate the climate and promote rainfall, we release into the air the CO2 contained in the soil and trees. This is why global warming is a mirror of our relationship with the earth. 

What is the real cause of climate change? The causes deriving from mankind

But what is the real cause of climate change? To list them is the IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change, that argues that pollution and greenhouse gases, deforestation, intensive farming and livestock activities are just some of the factors that contribute sharply to an increase in global temperature. It is therefore thought at a global level that anthropogenic factors are the real causes of global warming.

Anthropogenic causes

In particular, the international scientific community agrees that the first cause of global warming is to be attributed to the increase of greenhouse gases and consequent greenhouse effect: all causes related to pollution caused by human activities.

Specifically, we can say that the main causes of the increase in greenhouse gases are:

  • the excessive exploitation of fossil fuels
  • the growing activities of deforestation
  • intensive breeding and agriculture.

Because they are activities responsible for the increase in the quantity of Co2 in the atmosphere, one of the greenhouse gases that increase the greenhouse effect and therefore the temperature of the planet.

Deforestation and intensive livestock farming cause global warming

The values of carbon dioxide present today in the atmosphere are the highest ever recorded: the reason that led to this dispersion of Co2 is certainly attributable to the hand of man who for centuries has been proceeding with the intensive exploitation of land and especially with the deforestation of the planet for purely economic purposes. This leads to a net reduction of trees, the only element able to absorb Co2.

Why man insists on deforestation

Because intensive agriculture and livestock breeding produce a lot. This is well known by the Amazon Rainforest, which is deprived every year of hectares and hectares of trees in favour of new agricultural fields that arise on the ashes.

Another reason that has led to deforestation since the beginning of the 20th century is the need to urbanize more and more land.

At the same time, the production of methane in the atmosphere caused by the fermentation process of intensive livestock farming is also increasing.

Global warming: natural causes 

Scientists from all over the world agree that global warming is almost totally due to the work of man, but they also agree in attributing the progressive climate change to natural causes.

The natural causes that however have a low percentage are:

  • changes in solar emissions. It seems that the effects of solar rays on the atmosphere have changed
  • the magnetic activity of the sun that would influence cosmic radiations and the formation of condensation clouds.

The report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has also expressed its opinion on these hypotheses, concluding that climate increases can be traced back to natural causes for only 5%, 95% remains the responsibility of man.

Indisputable reasons why climate change is real. 

The effect of greenhouse gasses and global warming are serious consequences that can put at risk the entire ecosystem. The most obvious repercussion of global warming is that vast areas of the planet will become uninhabitable due to temperatures incompatible with human life. There is then a long series of likely chain effects, which can feed off each other.

Among the short-medium term consequences we can list:

  • Melting of arctic glaciers
  • Rising sea levels and acidification of the seas
  • Landslides, floodings, and river overflows
  • Drought and fires
  • Extreme temperatures and heatwaves
  • Health problems caused by heat and pollution, previously unknown infectious diseases, and injuries related to natural disasters
  • Economic and social damage: we will have less hydropower, less tourism, less productive agriculture and fishing.

Given the imminent consequences it can be assumed that if the problem is not limited global warming will lead to the:

  • Loss of biodiversity: extinction of half of the living species, plants and animals,
  • Erosion and desertification of a large part of the earth’s surface
  • Lack of water resources for long periods. Reduced drinking water quality and quantity

Consequences of global warming.

One of the most serious consequences of global warming listed above, is the melting of glaciers at the poles, but let’s have a look at each-one individually:

Ice melt

The melting of glaciers is one of the most obvious effects of ongoing climate change. Human activities, in particular the emission of greenhouse gases and other pollutants into the atmosphere, are leading to an increase in global temperatures and a significant reduction of ice both in the Arctic and in Antarctica. Both polar and mountain glaciers are gradually shrinking. Because ice reflects solar radiation, while the sea and land don’t, the Earth will gradually absorb more heat.

Rising sea levels

Melting ice raises the level of the oceans, which gradually submerge parts of the coastline. 

Acidification of the seas

The concentration of CO2 increases not only in the air but also in the water, which becomes increasingly acidic and aggressive for many species, such as shells and corals.

Desertification

In the Mediterranean region and southern Africa drought will increase, perhaps even in Europe, affecting about 500 million people. The IPCC says so in the report Climate Change and the Earth. 

Arid soil and lack of vegetation

From their areas of origin, pathogens move to milder climate areas attacking new animal and plant species that are not prepared to resist, as has already happened to palms and olive trees.

Extreme climate events

The IPCC report also says that the frequency, intensity and duration of heat-related events, including summer heatwaves, will most likely continue to increase during the 21st century. So too will events that bring extreme precipitation. We will not only have scorching summers but also frigid winters, due to the southward shift of the boundary between Arctic polar air and warm tropical air. Hurricanes also become more intense and frequent, even in areas where they were uncommon, due to greater temperature differences. 

Migration of animals and plants

Many species are already moving to the poles or to higher altitudes. Some migratory species leave early or become permanent, causing temporary disruption to ecosystems, such as the grasshopper invasion in Africa and Sardinia

Economic damage

A Chinese study says that if we don’t take action now, climate change will cause $790 trillion in losses. So those who believe they will save money by not cutting emissions are wrong. However, it makes little sense to analyze the issue of global warming from the point of view of the economic model that causes it.

Social damage

Chain effects on society due to economic problems, increasingly precarious living conditions, less nutritious food, possible epidemics and spread of insect-borne diseases even in temperate zones, famine.

Global warming, which are the most affected areas 

In general, however, almost all regions of the world show major changes in at least some climate parameters. But the regions most sensitive to climate change are according to established studies:

  • the Amazon
  • the Sahel
  • tropical areas
  • The Mediterranean basin

In the Mediterranean, the area of our interest, in the last 50 years the average summer temperature has increased by about one degree, floods have increased, summer heat waves have increased and the sea water is increasingly hot with obvious repercussions on animal and plant life.

The point of no return on climate change

There is one thing that makes climate change even more dangerous: the fact that there are likely to be tipping points beyond which the consequences of change become independent of human behaviour, and therefore uncontrollable. This is because of self-feeding phenomena called positive feedback loops. For example, there is a risk that increased precipitation in tropical areas will release CO2 stored in the soil, which in turn would generate new rainfall, and so on. 

But how close is the point of no return?

The Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5° C predicted the point of no return around 2030. And in the meantime, we have done very little to take action. From 1979 to 2017, there has been a doubling of occurrences where high temperature and humidity combine to create conditions in which the human species cannot survive. These were local and short-lived, however, they occurred 10 years earlier than expected. The point of no return could therefore be very close.

Ways we can stop climate change: remedies against global warming

How to fight global warming, a threat that affects us all. Are there any ways we can stop climate change? Global warming is already happening, but we can try to mitigate it and adapt to the best of our ability.

Always prefer household items made of environmentally friendly materials: wooden clothespins, bamboo toothbrushes or those with replaceable heads, glass containers and glasses.

At the office or when travelling, use a reusable water bottle for drinking – instead of plastic bottles or disposable cups.

Use reusable fabric bags for your shopping. You should avoid buying products in polystyrene and PVC. Always check the packaging label and choose as much as possible products packed in paper, cardboard or compostable bioplastic.  

Do a label check. Did you know that there are synthetic fabrics and soaps, toothpaste or gels that contain microplastics? They are referred to as polyethylene, polypropylene or polyvinylchloride.

Differentiate waste correctly, and do not leave waste of any kind outside the bins, especially in parks, pine forests, beaches: during the summer plastic in the sea increases by 40%.

Also read:

How to Help the Environment: 15 Easy Tips for a Sustainable Lifestyle

Top 10 Unbelievable Eco-Friendly Alternatives to Plastic

Covid-19 outbreak did not stop climate change: it could get much worse.

Above are just few of the ways we can stop climate change, the smalle remedies against global warming. Bu let’s talk about goals to be pursued to limit the damage:

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions as much as possible. 
  • Save, reuse and better manage water.
  • Prevent hydrogeological instability.
  • Ensure that forests and soils store as much CO2 as possible and remove it from the atmosphere.
  • Preserve and increase biodiversity and therefore the resilience of ecosystems.
  • Move to 100% clean energy by 2040.
  • Pursue environmental sustainability and build a circular economy.
  • Increase community resilience.
  • Secure population centres, infrastructure, and coastlines.
  • Put in place monitoring, damage prevention and decision support systems.
  • Inform people about risks and what is being done to limit them.
  • Empower citizens and involve them in policy decisions through participatory processes.
  • Organize climate adaptation courses to help citizens develop climate resilience and know what to do in case of extreme weather events.
  • We are facing complex problems and will need systems thinking to find solutions that don’t create greater damage where we least expect it.

What is being done about the climate? Climate agreements and COPs

The United Nations started to deal with the climate in 1992 with the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was born. From there on, the signatory countries meet almost every year in Conferences of the Parties (COPs) to discuss the situation and the measures to be taken. Some of these conferences have had poor results, others have led to landmark agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol, from COP3 in 1997, a small step toward decarbonization.

Then in 2015 at COP21 there was another step forward: the Paris Agreement was signed. The goal is to limit the temperature increase by the end of the century to a maximum of 1.5-2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels. The 2 degrees of increase, in fact, have been estimated as the maximum threshold within which we can hope to survive with a society similar to the current one. An increase of fewer than 1.5 degrees instead would save even small island-states of the Pacific and the Caribbean, which would otherwise be submerged. Italy ratified it about a year later, while strangely enough the US and China formally joined before the EU.

This agreement has a major limitation: it was agreed to reduce emissions by only 8% each year, and inadequate percentage to meet the 2°C maximum temperature increase target while neglecting the peoples most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

Since then, there has been little progress because the targets have not been translated into adequate measures. UN conferences, including COP25 in Madrid, continue to get bogged down in the market for CO2 allowances and emission limits for individual states. And scientists’ reports remain more or less unheeded.

Now, 2021 has come and we’re still talking about global warming. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference will begin on
Monday, November 1. I’ll surely keep you updated with the outcome.

What Europe is doing

Although not doing enough, among advanced economies Europe is the one that is doing the most to fight climate change. On January 14, 2020, in Strasbourg was presented the investment plan for the European Green Deal 2050, the most ambitious plan for the ecological transition so far presented by a continent to achieve zero emissions by 2050. One trillion euros will be allocated to:

  • Improve the energy efficiency of buildings.
  • Reconvert the energy sector by gradually switching to renewables.
  • Modernize transportation. 
  • Mitigate industrial crises related to decarbonization and not penalize too much some states whose economy depends heavily on fossil fuels.

There are also some small positive signs on the emissions front. According to the European Environment Agency (EEA) between 1990 and 2018, Europe emitted 23.2% fewer greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, with progressive decreases from year to year. In 2018, the decrease was 2.1%, thanks to the transition to energy from renewable sources with the closure of some coal-fired power plants. Still too little, but better than nothing.

In the meantime, the Covid-19 emergency has shown that states, when they want to, can take steps that were unthinkable until the day before. The damages of climate change are not yet frightening because they seem far away, but they are more dangerous and their impact is amplified by the time factor: they risk becoming irreversible and lasting for millennia. 

Also, to counter this catastrophe, by 2021 (finally!) the European Directive on single-use plastics (SUP) came into force, banning the production of many items such as cutlery, straws and plates. A useful measure, but not decisive. It’s enough to enter a supermarket to realize how much useless plastic is used to pack food, drinks and hygiene products. I would also say that all this plastic packaging has even increased due to the panic caused by the pandemic. Do we really need it?

Probably not. So, let’s all make an effort to stop climate change, or try to pollute less at least. Small steps that, combined with a little consciousness and awareness, help make a difference.

As of January 2021, the United Estates rejoined the Paris Agreement – previously abandoned by president Donald Trump-et.

Other initiatives against global warming 

Given the inertia of governments, some take action to spread awareness of the climate problem and to demand action.

In 2018, Fridays For Future was born, a movement inspired by Greta Thunberg that has brought millions of people into the streets in global climate strikes to demand that governments finally do something serious to combat global warming. 

Also in 2018, Extinction Rebellion (XR) was born, an international, “bottom-up,” nonviolent movement founded in England in response to the ecological devastation caused by human activities, based on scientific findings. The movement calls for nonviolent civil disobedience to demand that governments reverse the course that is leading us toward climate and ecological disaster.

Each year Climathon, a marathon of ideas on how to make cities more sustainable and resilient to climate change, is held simultaneously around the world.

There is a worldwide movement inviting people to make Fossil Fuel Divestment, that is to say, to disinvest from companies that exploit fossil fuels to support instead those who produce energy from renewable sources. In our country, the Italian Climate Network has promoted the DivestItaly campaign.

As a society, we fail to see the looming danger. The Great Blindness. Climate change and the unthinkable highlights how Western art and culture create an imaginary around objects that leads us to desire them, while rarely dealing with the future of humanity.

Climate Change, 2021 is a decisive year: risks and opportunities

For the future of climate change “2021 is a critical year”: the warning comes from the economic experts who met in Davos and who, in the report on the risks predicted for the year just started, were very clear on how serious is also for the economy the issue of the climate crisis, which is the danger perceived as the most worrying ever and puts at risk more than half of global GDP.

This year we are at a crossroads, experts explain: in 2020 all nations were invited to act to comply with the Paris Agreement and close the gap that has been created in recent years between what they have promised and what is needed. More and more governments are moving toward long-term goals of zero emissions and are showing increasing interest in developing solutions that involve less coal use.

As such, there is much to be done: there is a need for a low-carbon hydrogen supply chain, the implementation of energy storage solutions to handle the intermittency of renewables, a shift to electricity for home and commercial heating, better systems to recycle electric car batteries, and clearer planning of where to find the raw materials that will be needed to support the transition.

Germany at least anticipates exit from coal.

Germany is making a concrete start by combating the climate crisis by immediately initiating a plan to shut down the nation’s coal-fired plants. The measure has been approved by the Bund (Federal Parliament) and the Laender (individual states). A first block of coal-fired power plants, the oldest ones, already starting in 2020, according to what was announced by Environment Minister Svenja Schulze, who said “We are the first country in the world to get out of nuclear and coal: a big step for climate protection and an important international signal.”

Further delays in reducing emissions will make it more difficult to meet carbon budget targets. Eventually, companies and markets will be forced to adjust more quickly, which could lead to higher costs, more economic disruption, or draconian interventions by panicked policymakers. Without fair and thoughtful transition plans, the risk of losing a very large number of jobs would also increase

The risk of “unilateral geoengineering bets” would increase, experts explain: if effective global, or at least regional, climate policies are not implemented, countries could decide on their own to implement projects such as ocean fertilization or stratospheric aerosol injection. Moves that could have disastrous effects on ecosystems and agricultural production.

Loss of momentum

While this seems like a minor risk, it’s probably the most serious: If there are no significant changes in 2021, the ongoing process to address climate change may lose even more momentum and be less active even at the negotiating tables. This is a risk we are already running with the recent failure of COP25, which did not lead to the definition of rules capable of regulating the new global carbon market. The danger is not only that more time will be lost: the perception of failure undermines the prospects for future progress and further reduces political support for the multilateral climate change process.

Awareness continues to grow, especially among younger people, and this can have an important bearing on how society addresses this challenge. Climate and environmental issues are becoming increasingly central to the political debate, and have proven to play an important role at the ballot box as well: in 2019 we saw a large growth of the Greens in the European Parliament, and climate change also emerged as a key political issue in the Democratic primaries in the United States and in elections in several countries, such as Canada and Switzerland. The growing activism of young people has also helped this path in the world of politics, which promises to have important effects especially in the long term: the kids who today strike from school on Fridays are the adults who tomorrow will vote, work, invest and shop. 

How to fight global warming 

It is necessary to drastically reduce the emission of CO2, stop deforestation, reduce waste and reduce the use of plastic: these are the objectives put on the agenda by all states in the world.

Major projects are financed by governments around the world in favor of sustainable mobility, green economy, sustainable construction, control of deforestation, organic farming, less intensive livestock….

However, the entire population of the Earth must change its lifestyle and help with small daily gestures such as the separate collection of waste and the safeguarding of energy, electricity, gas and water.

What we can all do on a daily basis

But once again the real difference will be made by people: each of us can make a decisive contribution to the cause, adopting a more responsible lifestyle, starting from the small things of every day.

Here is a list of small daily gestures aimed at limiting CO2 emissions.

  • Saving electricity

Always remember to switch off the lights, even the small LEDs of the TV or the battery charger or the PC. Use low energy consumption light bulbs: some energy companies give them away for free against the contract. Use only class A appliances.

  • Do not overheat your home or work environment

With the use of the thermostat adjust the temperature in the rooms where we live so that it does not exceed 19 degrees. These are sufficient to have an adequate warmth. Remember that almost half of the energy consumed for heating or air conditioning is lost due to, for example, uncleaned filters or poor insulation of the indoor environment.

  • Insulate the apartment

It is necessary to use thermo-insulating doors and windows. The Energy Bonus allows the replacement of windows and doors with tax relief but also facade insulation work. You can save up to 70% of energy.

  • Switch to clean energy

Choose an energy supplier that produces from clean and renewable sources. In addition, if possible, install solar panels and alternative energy systems privately thanks to the tax incentives provided by the State.

  • Differentiate waste

You can save up to 1 ton of Co2 per year thanks to the recycling of waste: paper, glass, cans and plastic.

  • Composting

You can compost your organic waste: this reduces the amount of waste you send to landfills and provides soil for growing and fertilizing your vegetable garden. Approximately 3% of greenhouse gas emissions are released through the decomposition of biodegradable waste. composting must be done properly, following a few tips, always maintaining oxygen, otherwise the compost will release methane and bad odors.

  • Do not waste paper

The realization of paper is known to derive from the use of trees and therefore is the cause even if in part of deforestation. It is therefore important to have a conscious use of paper and choose quality products that use trees from controlled FSC forests that evaluate the sustainable wood-paper cycle. Paper should be used only when necessary and recycled.

  • Reduce products with packaging.

The market is saturated with products with sometimes imposing packaging that are often not necessary for the product itself, but packaging is used for pure marketing purposes. We try not to buy products whose packaging is made of non-recyclable plastic: petroleum derivatives are used to make them. We must demand that companies change their footprint on the environment and convert their packaging to a more ecological and recyclable one. See 6 eco-friendly packaging alternatives

  • Buy 0 km food.

Sometimes food travels thousands of kilometers to reach our tables. But why don’t we already have everything around us? Fruits, vegetables, meat and fish must be purchased strictly at km 0 and in season. Enough of the off-season eating habits: the hazardous demand is the cause of intensive cultivation which is the main reason for forest fires and deforestation. When trees are burned or cut, the carbon dioxide they contain is released into the atmosphere and deforestation contributes to 20% of Co2 emissions.

  • Buy organic food.

It is also recommended to consume organic products, not from industrial crops or farms. In this way it is possible to save tons of carbon dioxide. Furthermore, reducing as much as possible the consumption of meat is an advice for the health but also for the Planet: methane is the second greenhouse gas in the air and cows are among the largest producers of methane in the world because of simple exhalations.

  • Use alternative means of transport

Sustainable mobility is a commitment that many countries have already made, but we too must demonstrate in our daily lives. In fact, it is recommended to use a different method to move around: if possible, we do not use the car for short distances.

We need a new shared conscience to really face this problem, which in the long run will have disastrous consequences. You can also:

    • walk;
    • ride a bike;
    • use electric scooters

If the route does not allow it, we try to replace the private car with

    • the use of public transport
    • car pooling
    • car sharing

 

References:
> EU climate action and the European Green Deal
> What You Can Do to Fight Climate Change
> UNFCCC
> Extinction Rebellion
> Climate change should be Parliament’s first priority, according to citizens

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